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On his return to Paris he was given large decorative and religious commissions; his work for the Hôtel Lambert and for Nicolas Fouquet, the influential minister of finance, at Vaux-le-Vicomte in the 1650s made his reputation. Son of a sculptor, he caught the attention of Pierre Séguier, the French statesmen who later on became the chancellor of France, and Séguier placed him at the age of eleven under the tutelage of Simon Voulet, the renowned French painter. [11], In his posthumously published treatise, Méthode pour apprendre à dessiner les passions (1698), he promoted the expression of the emotions in painting. The works of the gallery of Apollo in the Louvre were interrupted in 1677 when Lebrun accompanied the king to Flanders (on his return from Lille he painted several compositions in the Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye), and finally—for they remained unfinished at his death—by the vast labours of Versailles, where he reserved for himself the Halls of War and Peace (Salons de la Guerreand de la Paix, 1686),[citation needed][11] the Ambassadors' Staircase, and the Great Hall of Mirrors (Galerie des Glaces, 1679–1684). January 01, 2003. He supervised most of the royal projects, producing the drawings for their paintings, sculpture and ornamentation. Charles Le Brun, Le Brun also spelled Lebrun, (born Feb. 24, 1619, Paris, France—died Feb. 12, 1690, Paris), painter and designer who became the arbiter of artistic production in … The picture, dated 1647, ornamented the Coco Chanel suite of the famous Parisian palace, and went unnoticed for over a century. [citation needed] Nearly all his compositions have been reproduced by celebrated engravers. 1650, oil on canvas, Louvre. His position declined after Colbert’s death in 1683, although he continued to receive the king’s support. A committee consisting of the architects Claude Perrault and Louis Le Vau and the decorator and painter Charles Le Brun planned that part of the Louvre which is known as the Colonnade. [17], Many of his drawings are in the Louvre and the Monaco Royal Collection. He was the third of five children born to the sculptor Nicolas Le Brun and Julienne Le Bé, who came from a family of writers. The decoration continued intermittently over twelve years or so, as it was interrupted by the renovation of Vaux le Vicomte. [citation needed] While in Rome, Le Brun studied ancient Roman sculpture, made copies after Raphael, and absorbed the influence of the local painters.[4]. Corrections? Constans, Claire. His first commission from Louis XIV dates from 1661, when he painted the first of a series of subjects from the life of Alexander the Great. 1648–1650, red chalk with stylus outline, 12 1/4 x 10 1/2. Charles Le Brun. People Projects Discussions Surnames Charles Le Brun was the most important and influential designer during the reign of the French king, Louis XIV. [5] Employed at Vaux-le-Vicomte, Le Brun ingratiated himself with Mazarin, then secretly pitting Colbert against Fouquet. As court painter to Louis XIV, who declared him "the greatest French artist of all time", he was a dominant figure in 17th-century French art and much influenced by Nicolas Poussin. 1664, oil on canvas, Louvre. [3] There he worked under Poussin, adapting the latter's theories of art. Le Brun’s own painting style was a more dramatic and sensuous version of Poussin’s static and monumental manner—seen in Horatius Cocles Defending Rome (1644)—which became dulled and generalized when applied to large surfaces. French artist and famous as the decorator of Versailles Charles Le Brun was born on the 24 February 1619 in Paris, France to Nicolas Le Brun and Julienne Le Blé. Charles Le Brun (1619 – 1690) was a French painter and art theorist. However La Brun was a great painter in his own right and well worth the time invested for anyone interested in knowing Baroque painting. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Charles-Le-Brun, The Catholic Encyclopedia - Biography of Charles Lebrun, Art Encyclopedia - Biography of Charles Le Brun, Web Gallery of Art - Biography of Charles Le Brun, Charles Le Brun - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. From this date all that was done in the royal palaces was directed by Le Brun. 171–86. [23] He is now considered one of the finest and most versatile French artists of his time.[24]. His traces at Versailles His artworks The painted ceiling of the Hall of Mirrors He was also a pupil of François Perrier. These institutions gave French art its characteristic homogeneity. In 1666 he organized its satellite, the French Academy at Rome, which played an influential role in the artistic affairs of France for more than a century. Louvre Museum. Commanding the industrial arts through the Gobelins—of which he was director—and the whole artistic world through the Academy—in which he successively held every post—Le Brun imprinted his own character on all that was produced in France during his lifetime. Bassin d'Apollon at the Palace of Versailles, 1668–1671. [11] Le Brun's decoration is not only a work of art, it is the definitive monument of a reign. Charles Le Brun (baptised 24 February 1619 – 12 February 1690)[1] was a French painter, physiognomist, art theorist, and a director of several art schools of his time. Louis XIV, king of France from 1660 to 1715, was a master at it, using art—especially the work of his court painter, Charles Le Brun—to create and perpetuate a glorified image of his monarchy. The Holy Family With St. John the Baptist by Charles Le Brun, ca. The Colonnade, the eastern facade of the Louvre Museum, Paris, 19th-century print. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Autoportrait Charles LeBrun (1619-1690) Premier peintre du Roi Louis XIV Ce site est la réalisation de la '' Fondation des Amis de Charles Le Brun '', un organisme à but non lucratif, dédié à faire connaître le plus Important Maître de l'Art Français du XVII ième siècle. ‘The Adoration of the Shepherds’ was created in 1689 by Charles Le Brun in Baroque style. Charles-François Lebrun, 1st duc de Plaisance (19 March 1739 – 16 June 1824), was a French statesman who served as Third Consul of the French Republic and was later created Arch-Treasurer and Prince of the Empire by Napoleon I Both also founded the Academy of France at Rome in 1666 as a base for promising young artists who would live and learn there for a certain period on the expense of the crown. Charles Le Brun was a French painter, physiognomist, art theorist, and a director of several art schools of his time. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The garden's pronounced visual axis … Le Brun did more than anyone to establish a homogenous French style of art for three decades in the 17th century. Faithful art reproductions by Charles Le Brun. Portrait of the painter Louis Testelin, ca. What mattered was scholarly composition, whose ultimate goal was to nourish the spirit. [18] Many of Charles Le Brun's sketches and designs were later rendered into painting or sculpture by artists working under him. Charles Le Brun (1619 – 1690) was a French painter and a director of several art schools. Le Brun designed the centerpiece depicting Apollo rising from the sea in a four-horse chariot. [citation needed] Besides his gigantic labours at Versailles and the Louvre, the number of his works for religious corporations and private patrons is enormous. Legrand, J. G; Baltard, Louis-Pierre; Le Brun, Charles (1827). Charles Le Brun was a famous French painter during 17th century. From the 1660s, commissions for decoration of the royal palaces, notably Versailles, were given automatically to Le Brun and his assistants, and in 1663 the Academy of Painting and Sculpture was reorganized with Le Brun as director. Updates? He was also the teacher of painter Ludovico Dorigny. The Queens of Persia at the feet of Alexander, also called The Tent of Darius. Oxford University Press. Possessing both technical facility and the capacity to organize and carry out many vast projects, Le Brun personally created or supervised the production of most of the paintings, sculptures, and decorative objects commissioned by the French government for three decades during the reign of Louis XIV. The fall of the rebel angels, after 1680, oil on canvas, Musée des Beaux-Arts, Dijon. [citation needed], In 1660 they established the Gobelins, which at first was a great school for the manufacture, not of tapestries only, but of every class of furniture required in the royal palaces. View results and future entries as well as statistics by course, race type and prize money. As a portrait painter, however, he was consistently distinguished, as in The Banker Jabach and His Family (1647). [15] The facial expressions, which Le Brun outlined as a template for subsequent artists to follow, were believed to reveal the condition of the soul. For Le Brun, a painting represented a story one could read. Louis XIV Equestrian Portrait, 1668, oil on canvas, Musée de la Chartreuse, Douai. He also established a correlation between the human face and that of the animal whose spirit characterizes a particular emotion. The king was so pleased with its appearance that he reportedly referred to it as "Monsieur Le Brun's staircase" when he showed it to an ambassador from Spain in 1679. A protégé of the chancellor Pierre Séguier, Le Brun studied first with the painter Guillaume Perrier and then with Simon Vouet. It was during this period that he dedicated a series of works to the history of Alexander The Great (The Battles of Alexander The Great), and he did not miss the opportunity to make a stronger connection between the magnificence of Alexander and that of the great King. Charles Le Brun (February 24, 1619 – February 22, 1690) was a true Renaissance man.The reputation he garnered for his paintings was matched by his creations in architecture, both in buildings and in gardens and in sculpture as well. As court painter to Louis XIV, who declared him "the greatest French artist of all time", he was a dominant figure in 17th-century French art and much influenced by Nicolas Poussin. Charles Le Brun, Le Brun also spelled Lebrun, (born Feb. 24, 1619, Paris, France—died Feb. 12, 1690, Paris), painter and designer who became the arbiter of artistic production in France during the last half of the 17th century. Grove Art Online. Versailles, Franace (near Paris) Versailles, France: Garden designed by Andre Le Notre begun 1661. "Le Brun, Charles". [2], Born in Paris, Le Brun attracted the notice of Chancellor Séguier, who placed him at the age of eleven in the studio of Simon Vouet. Choose your favorite charles le brun designs and purchase them as … Genealogy for Charles Le Brun (1619 - 1690) family tree on Geni, with over 200 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives. Fouquet’s successor as minister of finance, Jean-Baptiste Colbert, was quick to recognize and to use Le Brun’s organizing capacities to the greatest advantage. The Louvre is also home to his portraits of Charles-Alphonse Dufresnoy and Louis Testelin. He became the principal interpreter of the political and artistic prestige of France as First Painter of the court of King Louis XIV. View Charles le Brun’s 383 artworks on artnet. The restored ceiling was unveiled to the public in March of that year. [16] It had much influence on art theory for the next two centuries. Burchard, Wolf (2016). Le Brun studied in Rome with Poussin for a few years and the latter’s influence shows in his work. Find more prominent pieces of religious painting at Wikiart.org – best visual art database. In 1642 he went to Rome, and during the four years he spent there he learned much from Nicolas Poussin, Pietro da Cortona, and other contemporary Baroque painters. In 1663 Le Brun was appointed director of the Gobelins, which, from being a small tapestry manufacture, expanded into a sort of universal factory supplying all the royal houses. 17th-century French painter and art theorist. Charles Le Brun (24 February 1619 – 12 February 1690) was a French painter, art theorist, interior decorator and a director of several art schools of his time. Le Brun remained a leading artistic figure throughout the second half of the 17th century. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. While he was working on The Battles, Le Brun's style became much more personal as he moved away from the ancient masters that influenced him. All charles le brun artwork ships within 48 hours and includes a 30-day money-back guarantee. He was the originator of Louis XIV Style and gave a direction to the national tendencies which endured centuries after his death. [11] Designs had to be approved of by the king before they could be rendered into paintings or sculptures. Charles Le Brun - Capture of the city and citadel of Gand in six days, 1678 Product information Item Weight 5.3 ounces Manufacturer Masterpiece Collection ASIN B00R10TX5K Item Weight 150 Grams Related video shorts (0) Upload your video. Charles Le Brun Neptune and Minerva Discussing the Foundation of Athens, n.d. Metamorphoses by Ovid in Rondeaux: Printed and Enriched with Figures by Order of His Majesty, and Dedicated to the Dauphin (Metamorphoses d’Ovide en Rondeaux: Imprimez et Enrichis de Figures Par Ordre de Sa Majesté, et Dediez à Monseigneur le Dauphin), 1676 The first of these, "Alexander and the Family of Darius," so delighted Louis XIV that he at once ennobled Le Brun (December, 1662), who was also created Premier Peintre du Roi (First Painter of the King) with a pension of 12,000 livres, the same amount as he had yearly received in the service of the magnificent Fouquet. Find an in-depth biography, exhibitions, original artworks for sale, the latest news, and sold auction prices. [7], The nature of his emphatic and pompous talent was in harmony with the taste of the king, who, full of admiration of the paintings by Le Brun for his triumphal entry into Paris (1660)[3] and his decorations at the Château Vaux le Vicomte (1661),[8] commissioned him to execute a series of subjects from the history of Alexander. The ceiling in the gallery of Hercules was painted by him. Le Brun started work on the project in 1650, shortly after his return from Italy. [11] Le Brun was also a fine portraitist and an excellent draughtsman, but he was not fond of portrait or landscape painting, which he felt to be a mere exercise in developing technical prowess. Charles-François Lebrun, duc de Plaisance, French Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture, François-Michel le Tellier, Marquis de Louvois, 10.1093/gao/9781884446054.article.t049857, Modern Theories of Art 2: From Impressionism to Kandinsky, "Before Versailles, There Was Vaux-le-Vicomte", "Art: Le Brun found in Ritz'z Coco Chanel suite – Culture", A series of lithographic drawings illustrative of the relation between the human physiognomy and that of the brute creation, Dissertation sur un traité de Charles Le Brun concernant le rapport de la physionomie humaine avec celle des animaux, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Charles_Le_Brun&oldid=1000177910, Members of the Académie royale de peinture et de sculpture, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2018, Articles incorporating a citation from the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with KULTURNAV identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Decoration of the ceiling of the Galerie d'Apollon, at the, Cupola of the Pavillon de l'Aurore at the. At fifteen he received commissions from Cardinal Richelieu, in the execution of which he displayed an ability which obtained the generous commendations of Nicolas Poussin, in whose company Le Brun started for Rome in 1642. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Its first director was Charles Le Brun, official painter to the king, decorator at the Chateau of Vaux-le-Vicomte for Nicolas Fouquet (Superintendent of Finances in France, 1653-61), creative manager at Versailles Palace, decorator of the Galerie d'Apollon at the Louvre, and much more. Charles Le Brun statistics and form. The Escalier des Ambassadeurs was the main staircase at the entryway to Versailles from its completion in 1679 until its destruction in 1752. His most important paintings are at Versailles. [3], Another project Le Brun worked on was Hôtel Lambert. As court painter to Louis XIV, who declared him "the greatest French artist of all time", he was a dominant figure in 17th-century French art and much influenced by Nicolas Poussin. Rise To Fame As a young man, Charles Le Brun was trained by Simon Vouet who taught him the Baroque style. Nicolas Le Brun trained his sons, Nicolas II, Charles and Gabriel, in the art of sculpting, but the boys showed more talent in matters of painting. One of the great French Baroque painters, Charles Le Brun trained under the direction of the painter Simon Vouet, in France and Rome. His work in the Baroque style permeated design and decoration in almost every medium; for nearly thirty years he personally designed or supervised the production of most of the paintings, sculptures, and decorative objects commissioned by the French court. [20], On 23 January 2013, artistic advisors for the Hôtel Ritz Paris, Wanda Tymowska and Joseph Friedman, announced the discovery of The Sacrifice of Polyxena, an early work of Le Brun. Choose from over 205 artworks by the famous artist. …facade, and, with unforgettable magnificence. Le Brun's view on emotions, which were known as "passions" at the time, drew heavy influence from the work of René Descartes. [6] He remained a dominant figure at the academy and held the positions of chancellor in 1655 (from 1663 chancellor for life), rector from 1668 and director from 1683. pp. Declared by Louis XIV “the greatest French artist of all time”, he was a dominant figure in 17th-century French art. Charles Le Brun (baptised 24 February 1619 – 12 February 1690) was a French painter, physiognomist, art theorist, and a director of several art schools of his time. "Le Brun, Charles" Grove Art Online. [12] In 1663,[13] he became director of the Académie royale de peinture et de sculpture, where he laid the basis of academicism and became the all-powerful, peerless master of 17th-century French art. 1669-1710. The fundamental basis on which the director of the Academy-based his art was unquestionably to make his paintings speak, through a series of symbols, costumes and gestures that allowed him to select for his composition the narrative elements that gave his works a particular depth. When Colbert took control of the institution in 1661, Le Brun was there to assist him in his endeavour to reorganise it with the goal that the academicians would work towards bringing about a theoretical foundation for a national French art . [14], At the death of Colbert, François-Michel le Tellier, Marquis de Louvois, who succeeded as superintendent in the department of public works, showed no favour to Le Brun who was Colbert's favorite, and in spite of the king's continued support Le Brun felt a bitter change in his position. [9] The King had declared him "the greatest French artist of all time". Be the first video Your name here. Entry of Alexander into Babylon, ca. Le Brun was the driving force behind the establishment of the French Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture in 1648, and was elected as one of the original twelve elders in charge of its running. "The Sovereign Artist: Charles Le Brun and the Image of Louis XIV", Paul Holberton Publishing. Here he demonstrates the full measure of his talent and skill, for in addition to his large historical pieces he was a most accomplished portraitist and a master of presentation. [1] The author of numerous drawings and engravings, during his lifetime Charles Le Brun would also train a series of talented disciples, including Charles La Fosse (1636-1716), Jean Jouvenet (1644-1717), René-Antoine Houasse (1645-1710) and Louis de Boullogne (1657-1733).. As court painter to Louis XIV, who declared him "the greatest French artist of all time", he was a dominant figure in 17th-century French art and much influenced by Nicolas Poussin. [3], In Rome he remained four years in the receipt of a pension due to the liberality of the chancellor. Title First Painter to the King Life at Court From 1619 to 1690 Reign of Louis XIV. [19] A restoration was completed in 2017 by the current owners, the de Vogüé family. In addition to classical paintings, depictions of Louis’ reign also adorned the palace walls. [citation needed] "The Family of Darius," also known as "The Queens of Persia at the Feet of Alexander," was later cut down slightly in size by Le Brun, and retouched to disguise the alteration, presumably to make the painting similar in size to a painting by Paolo Veronese that Louis XIV had acquired.[10]. See available paintings, works on paper, and prints and multiples for sale and learn about the artist. Charles Le Brun, also written as Lebrun or LeBrun, was born on 24 February 1619 into a family of artists. Charles Le Brun imagined it first when the initial project depicting Hercules was refused. On his return to Paris in 1646, Le Brun found numerous patrons, of whom Superintendent Fouquet was the most important,[3] for whom he painted a large portrait of Anne of Austria. Constans, Claire (2003, January 01). This page was last edited on 13 January 2021, at 23:54. The collaboration between the architect Louis Le Vau, the landscape architect André le Nôtre, and the painter-decorator Charles Le Brun marked the beginning of the "Louis XIV style" combining architecture, interior design, and landscape design. Louis XIV Equestrian Portrait, oil on canvas, Musée des Beaux-Arts, Tournai. Under his direction French artists created a homogeneous style that came to be accepted throughout Europe as the paragon of academic and propagandistic art. The whole structure and its decorations were intended to awe visitors with the splendor, wealth and taste of the king. Charles Le Brun had chosen a grand subject and needed to find a style with the appropriate blend of gravity and solemnity. The Louvre, Paris, East façade (Louis Le Vau, Charles Le Brun, and Claude Perrault), 1667-1670. As court painter to Louis XIV, who declared him “the greatest French artist of all time,” he was a dominant figure in 17th-century French art. [citation needed], The Baroque ceiling in the Chambre des Muses at the Chateau Vaux-le-Vicomte outside Paris, was "decorated by Charles Le Brun’s workshop". By the end of the nineteenth century, the academic values he personified were out of fashion, and it was only in 1963, when a major Le Brun exhibition was organized at Versailles, that his work was reevaluated. The Tent of Darius delighted Louis, who liked to think of himself as a latter-day Alexander. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Le Brun was in charge of its decoration down to the most minute details of arrangement and presentation. [21][22], Posthumously, Le Brun's reputation suffered in the years surrounding the French Revolution and its aftermath, due to his close connection with Louis XIV. As court painter to Louis XIV, who declared him "the greatest French artist of all time", he was a dominant figure in 17th-century French art and much influenced by Nicolas Poussin. He was one of the most dominant artists and art theorists of France during the seventeenth century. Prat Collection, Paris, France. [3] The artistic output of artists and students from the Gobelins would also exert a strong influence on art elsewhere in Europe. ‘Les décors tissés de Charles Le Brun: Les Gobelins et la Savonnerie’ in Catherine Cardinal et Laurence Riviale (eds), Décors de peintres: Invention et savoir-faire, XVIe-XXe siècles, Clermond-Ferrand. [citation needed], In 1669, Louis XIV elected to completely renovate Versailles, which was then a tiny palace, and transform it into an opulent dwelling where he would meet with his subjects and foreign diplomats. Charles Le Brun (baptised 24 February 1619 – 12 February 1690) was a French painter, physiognomist, art theorist, and a director of several art schools of his time. Estimate: €60,000 - €80,000 Description: Charles LE BRUN et atelier Paris, 1619 - 1690 Les différentes nations de l'Asie et Les différentes nations de l'Afrique Paire d'huiles sur toiles (Usures et restaurations) The Nations of Asia and The Nations of Africa, oil on canvas, a pair, by Ch. Le Brun was made first painter to the king, given an enormous salary, and until his death occupied a position of paramount importance in the artistic life of France not equaled until the advent of the painter Jacques-Louis David at the end of the 18th century. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. This contributed to the illness which on 22 February 1690 ended in his death in Gobelins (his private mansion, in Paris). [11], Le Brun primarily worked for King Louis XIV, for whom he executed large altarpieces and battle pieces. Versailles, France: Palace by Louis Le Vau, Jules-Hardouin Mansart, ca. Charles Lebrun was declared by King Louis XIV the Most Important Painter of 17th centuryFrance and named First Painter to King Louix XIV.He was the founder of the Royal academy of France.Illustration of paintings, drawings,physiognomy,passions and symbols. Apotheosis of Louis XIV, 1677, oil on canvas, Magyar Szépművészeti Múzeum, Budapest. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Burchard, Wolf (2016). Omissions? The seventeenth century ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the.! Latter ’ s influence shows in his work and then with Simon Vouet [ 18 Many... 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In Europe royal projects, producing the drawings for their paintings, works on paper and... Altarpieces and battle pieces, adapting the latter ’ s support his compositions been... He became the principal interpreter of the most important and influential designer during the century!, oil on canvas, Musée de La Chartreuse, Douai Versailles,.!, you are agreeing to news, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica to inbox! Of himself as a latter-day Alexander Brun ingratiated himself with Mazarin, secretly! See available paintings, sculpture and ornamentation 12 1/4 x 10 1/2 King before they could be rendered into or! Also established a correlation between the human face and that of the French King, XIV. The liberality of the most important and influential designer during the reign of the chancellor Pierre Séguier Le... Studied in Rome with Poussin for a few years and the Image of Louis XIV '' Paul. Many of his drawings are in the Louvre Museum, Paris, 19th-century print in 2017 by the renovation Vaux... The greatest French artist of all time '' elsewhere in Europe Szépművészeti Múzeum, Budapest artistic! Chartreuse, Douai theories of art for three decades in the receipt of a pension due the! Needed ] Nearly all his compositions have been reproduced by celebrated engravers and that of 17th., in Rome with Poussin for a few years and the Monaco royal Collection years or so, as the... Xiv “ the greatest French artist of all time ”, he was one of the rebel angels after... Xiv, for whom he executed large altarpieces and battle pieces by Andre Notre...

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