spinach yield per hectare in south africa

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At a medium cob mass of 150 grams there are thus 21 600 x 150 divided by 1 000 to show kilograms (kg’s) per ha (1 000 g/kg) divided by 1 000 (1 000 kg/ton) to show the tons per hectare of yield expected. South Africa’s 2017/18 corn yield of 5.09 metric tons per hectare (t/ha) is the second highest on record, following last year’s record yield of 5.86 t/ha. 0000004457 00000 n Yield 4 to 7 pounds per 10-foot row. Higher temperatures slow down the growth. 0000004331 00000 n Macadamia nuts can yield some R374,400 per hectare. For effective growth, cabbages require plant nutrients like nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. HEMY, C. 1984. grower, production location and weather conditions, land rent and taxes, soil type, water costs, pest pressures, material inputs, and energy costs. Areas with sandy soils, in For a good yield, 20-25 tonnes of farmyard manure per hectare is Harvesting Harvesting is normally done by hand with sharp knives or small sickles on smaller plots or farming operations. 0000133545 00000 n If 20 cobs were counted in 10 metres than there are 20 x 1 080 cobs per hectare which equals 21 600 cobs per hectare. G�"o�1No``��rˬoqƭm�@�,D YH�)LX�����.MN+�89^uꝣt��C�\�ֽ�P�j���uN�+����mhrڟ�u�'יg5P P=�뾕����5 Although production under irrigation in the summer rainfall region amounts to less than 15% of …  Determination, planning and a good team of people can make anything a success.”. Although the majority of tomato production in South Africa is open field production, a small amount is also produced under protection (greenhouse and shadenet structures). Bfap; During these two decades, potato area has remained relatively constant at an average 51.8 thousand hectares while yield improvements (average increase of 2.1% per annum) drove production gains. The average yield in 2016 was approximately 15,000 pounds per acre for fresh and processed spinach. The rates of application were 40 tones per hectare (t/ha) for chicken and cattle manures, 1.5 t/ha basal dressing and 1.0 t/ha side dressing for bounce back compost. • South African average sweet potato consumption is approximately 48 550 tons per annum. endstream endobj 946 0 obj<>/Size 902/Type/XRef>>stream To irrigate 400ha takes a great deal of work, water and planning. trailer Economics, yield, and ecology: A case study from the South African tomato industry Stephanus Malherbea,*, Diana Maraisb a ZZ2, PO Box 19, Mooketsi, 0825, South Africa. Inorganic fertilizers 2:3:2 (22) + 0.5 % zinc (Zn) and limestone ammonium nitrate (LAN 28%) were included at specific application rates of 955 … Pieter Dempsey visited him on his farm near Brits. 0000059981 00000 n 0000105629 00000 n 11. It is not recommended to plant at higher densities since yields will not increase. Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site. Spinach … This manual is a guide in the production of potatoes in Kenya, focusing on ware production. <]>> Closer spacing results into smaller heat but high yield per unit area while wider spacing gives bigger heat but low production per unit area. This year’s North West Young Farmer of the Year, John Griffiths, is an irrigation farmer based just outside Brits. This gives the leaves a fresh look. In India, for example, a series of cultivated varieties (numbered Co-1 through Co-9) have been developed as green vegetable crops. Recommended Production Guide:. •The production of sweet potato is higher than the consumption. “Then plan some more and work hard. Growing vegetables in South Africa. Yields of over 20 tons per hectare have been achieved by some growers, even from large plantings, and certain trial plots have yielded the equivalent of about 30 tons per hectare. Photo: Courtesy of ZZ2 - Advertisement - 38 shares; Tweet 2; Share 18; Share; Share 0; Print 12; Email 6; ZZ2, one of South Africa… 947 0 obj<>stream In South Africa, there is no better business than macadamia farming. 3 - South Africa - Cereal yield (kg per hectare) was 4,413 kg in 2009 4 - Côte d'Ivoire - Cereal yield (kg per hectare) was 3,125 kg in 2013 5 - Madagascar - Cereal yield (kg per hectare) was 2,810 kg in 2008 The 5 lowest records for sovereign countries (1 per country) since 1961 : 1 - Eritrea - Cereal yield (kg per hectare) was 54 kg in 1993 2 - Botswana - Cereal yield (kg per hectare… Cabbage is planted at a density of 20 000/ ha. 0000116604 00000 n This includes about 400 000 spinach plants per hectare, yielding 10 000 bunches per hectare. 0 0000005706 00000 n Approximately 50% of the total area planted to wheat locally is cultivated under dryland conditions in the summer rainfall region. 0000076830 00000 n John recently expanded his operation to include wildlife such as black impalas and golden wildebeest. In the hills, the seed is sown in March-April. •In 2010 consumption has increased by 1.6% and this can be attributed to 0.8% increase in production in the same year. Just … Phone John Griffiths on 082 825 7311 or email him at [email protected]. (Best months for growing Spinach in South Africa - Summer rainfall regions) P = Sow seed . summer crop. South Africa, Africa’s soybean leader, averages 26 bushels per acre. ... about 2 kg of seed per hectare may be required. Plant 7 - 51cm in rows and 30 - 45cm between rows “Always have a goal and plan thoroughly,” he urges. selected vegetable production in South Africa. Maintaining a balance between fo­ liage production and pod (or fmit) production is necessary for maximum yield. “I’m just starting to breed with them,” he explains. The population increase in South Africa and improvement of the standard of living have resulted in an increased demand for foods of high value and quality. We also work plant residues back into the soil for organic material.”. My father also taught me a lot and you learn a great deal from just being involved in the industry,” he says. Cut only the outer leaves about 40 mm above the ground. • South Africa importer buying tonnes of sesame (simsim) ... • New high yielding green gram variety suitable for Eastern Kenya can yield 1500kg per hectare • Tea farmers affected as global fertilizer prices rise by 15 per cent • KALRO launches a research study to demystify rising cases of livestock death and infertility in … A third sowing of brinjal can be done in March for a rainy-season crop. Maize yields of smallholder farmers in sub-Saharan Africa are a fraction of those in the developed world, due mainly to the region’s poor soils and farmers’ limited access to fertilizer or improved maize seed. Spinach is an annual, so once it’s done producing leaves, you’ll want to pull up the stalks and toss them in the compost. Plants per Ha - 150 000 to 340 000. South Africa : Table - Cereal yield (kg per hectare) Otherwise, 0000049557 00000 n endstream endobj 903 0 obj<>/ViewerPreferences<>/Metadata 142 0 R/AcroForm 904 0 R/Pages 134 0 R/StructTreeRoot 144 0 R/Type/Catalog/PageLabels 129 0 R>> endobj 904 0 obj<>/Encoding<>>>>> endobj 905 0 obj<>/ColorSpace<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 906 0 obj<> endobj 907 0 obj<> endobj 908 0 obj[/Separation/Bruin-4/DeviceCMYK<>] endobj 909 0 obj[/DeviceN[/Bruin-4]/DeviceCMYK 924 0 R 926 0 R] endobj 910 0 obj[/DeviceN[/Black]/DeviceCMYK 917 0 R 919 0 R] endobj 911 0 obj<> endobj 912 0 obj<> endobj 913 0 obj<>stream ARC … 3.2 Internationally Cabbage is a popular vegetable throughout the world because of its adapta- The majority of vegetables in South Africa are grown in open field systems while a small amount are produced under protection, e.g. That, along with adherence to best practices and timely pruning has average yields at 16 tons per hectare, which is roughly double what other South African growers achieve. Grow 1 to 2 plants per person. The authors are aware of planned expansions of approximately 500 to 1 000 hectares in the Western Cape (Riebeek West and surrounding areas, Robertson and surrounding areas and Ladismith / Calitzdorp … Sowing Time Although spinach can be sowed throughout the year as long as the climate is right, in South Africa there are two main sowing times that are used. “Because my land extends for a considerable distance, I irrigate from two dams.”. Harvesting & Marketing. Total corn output for 2017/18 is estimated at 13.5 million metric tons (mmt), down 4.1 mmt from last year’s record harvest of 17.6 mmt, but up 0.8 mmt from the 5-year average of 12.7 mmt. H�\�͊�@�OQ��Ecbݺ��_C��d��V2�D�؋����4=0��#Z�/�|w��vr����Oqr��k�x���:�s��]�,\������[ߪ!�����>�۱��YY��G�x�Ƈ{�4�9>g����c�]�ӯ�����a�o���­׮����/��E���^�M��N�����?Ct�|�$��x�:�Uw�Y�H��+��g�Ů��)��/��j��7/�r`ȯ̯�+��y��c�!�����s”��. Founded in 1877 in South Africa, Starke Ayres currently has a sales-network footprint in more than 60 countries, across five continents, with ongoing plans for future expansion and innovation. 0000001241 00000 n The manual will therefore be useful to all stakeholders in the potato industry wishing to learn more about the crop. “I also plant about 100ha speckled sugar beans per year as a rotational crop,” adds John. … Cereal yield (kg per hectare) - South Africa. Due to the seasonal nature of the items we stock, we do not issue a catalogue as everything that we sell is listed on our website with stock availability, pack sizes and pricing. The lowest data : 1965 is the lowest year for the indicator : Cereal yield (kg per hectare). The exception to this is our range of Microgreen & Sprouting seeds and Bulk Seeds both of which price lists can be downloaded at the belo South Africa is currently one of the biggest producers of macadamia nuts globally with 19 500 hectares across Limpopo, Mpumalanga and KwaZulu-Natal producing over 50 000 tonnes per year. Recently, I planted the same variety from four different companies and all were different. Cereal yield of South Africa increased from 1,006 kg per hectare in 1968 to 5,648 kg per hectare in 2017 growing at an average annual rate of 8.14%. “I have a full-time team of 35 workers and three managers. United Kingdom ranked first for cereal yield > kg per hectare amongst Group of 7 countries (G7) in 2008. Sidedress with 25 pounds of nitrogen when plants are 6 to 8 inches tall and again 2 to 3 weeks later. On average, such farmers apply only 9 kilograms of fertilizer per hectare of cropland. It will encourage more growth on the plant and ultimately results in more foliage to harvest. Step 6: For a better crop, apply a top dressing about five weeks later as spinach … In general, however, any advice that relates to high yield and quality tuber production is applicable to seed potato seed production too. “It makes the guys proud. x���1 0ð4�f\�a_"`�'M�-�j�~��~�ǯ'� N� � However, line-sowing at 20 cm distance is convenient for intercultural operation as this increases air circulation around the crop and minimizes the chances of any fungal attack. 0000008331 00000 n For … 0000004395 00000 n Water from the dams is pumped to 17 centre pivots and fixed overhead irrigation systems. Yields remain below 15 bushels per acre for 15 of the 24 African countries for which data exist. According to statistics from the SA Macadamia … Cut off outer leaves which are 3-4 inches long. In the same period, the potato farming area actually declined, from 63,000 ha to 52,000 ha. It requires 30 -40 kg seed per hectare. ... but for a viable farm business project the area should be greater than one hectare (> 1 ha). Easy to grow. Also Show. Step 5: Water the plants regularly.Use flood irrigation, a sprinkler, a watering can, a hosepipe or drip irrigation. Fertilising and soil health South Africa is currently the largest macadamia producer in the world with 19,500 hectares under cultivation, producing over 50,000 tonnes per year. In 2017, cereal yield for South Africa was 5,648 kg per hectare. MacMillan: South Africa, Johannesburg. 4. Avoid using extra nitrogen on vigorous plants until fmiting begins to check plant growth. Space plants 3 to 4 inches apart in rows 1 to 2 feet apart. It should be understood that modern horticultural science has not entirely neglected lablab, at least outside Africa. In South Africa, wheat is produced in both the summer and winter rainfall regions. ZZ2’s avocado orchards are densely planted to increase yield per hectare and the trees are pruned to be no more than 2m in height. 0000076923 00000 n In line with several policy documents that suggest that high-value, labour-intensive and exported crops should be targeted for growth, this industry is particularly well-positioned to drive inclusive development and has created more … 0000135588 00000 n Manures and Fertilizers for Spinach: Nutrient Requirements. Of that small amount, often less … The ideal planting density is between 22,000 and 25,000 plants per hectare. Usually up to 5 000 pockets per ha or 62.5 tonnes per ha although the normal is usually 2 500pockets per ha. �(Ԁ) 퀛(e2)aQ��< (SI�����YX=aA�2�1�&A*˹�@Z���"�ь�v0v1�1H3H2�0\f�g�ϸ�]�� �.������oX�dxT/̡�~M�F��5��\���s�{�� Most of the 532 farms growing potatoes (2017) are relatively large farms, increasingly under … Farming on a number of farms that extend for 20km reduces risk from hail and climatic challenges. In the east and the south India, the crops can be grown throughout the year, the main sowing season being during July-August. Cutting too early will lead to lower starch levels and lower dry matter yield per hectare. Studies done by De Heus and illustrated in ... of these programmes are evident in the improvement shown in the quality of roughage produced by dairy farmers in South Africa over the last few years as illustrated in. It's simple. However, in 2017/18 production season, the yield was about 5.6 tonnes per hectare… Extensive irrigation The value of the 2016 fresh spinach crop was estimated at $281.8 million. 0000006171 00000 n Sow in garden. Cereal yield > Kg per hectare: Cereal yield, measured as kilograms per hectare of harvested land, includes wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. Egypt, using irrigation, leads all of Africa in terms of average soybean yield at 48 bushels per acre, while Ethiopia and Zambia, the number two and three yield leaders average 33 and 27 bushels per acre, respectively. Below you will find the last recordings for the indicator : Cereal yield (kg per hectare). Wholesale Price Change. The output that season was roughly 2.5 million tonnes, with a yield of about 1.0 tonne per hectare. In 1936/37 production season, South African farmers planted 2.5 million hectares of commercial maize, which is 8 percent below the area planted in 2017/18 production season. … The price in US$ per ton for South African wheat is greater than for wheat grown in Australia (Graph 4). Average maize yield in much of Africa is approximately 2 metric tons per hectare, which is less than 20 percent of the yield level in more productive parts of the world. Of the total, 58% was harvested mechanically – a year on year (YoY) decrease, with the smaller harvest directly impacting towards this finding (Figure … Delivers 22g per 100g in concentrated form, as opposed to 2.2g per 100g of fresh, raw broccoli Great way to add a solid nutrient boost to … 0000126960 00000 n %%EOF The analysed country is : South Africa. 0000002996 00000 n The rotation varies, but a cycle usually starts with maize, followed by vegetables or oats, and then maize again. The result is: 911 kg. $10.79 million for all spinach. John has sound advice for other aspiring young farmers. … 0000115833 00000 n Landbou.com reports that Erich Cloete of the farm Sanctuary in the Cradock District was announced as the winner in the annual Cradock Seed Distributors 20-ton … Global average yield per hectare is 41 bushels per acre, while African producers produce less than half the yield at 19 bushels per acre (Figure 3). “I was at an agricultural school, but many of the things I learnt by myself. Grow 15 plants per person. Squash, Winter. 0000002368 00000 n On 2.2ha of Pluto, he was able to harvest and sell 120 tons of first-grade fruit, giving him a yield of 55 tons per hectare. Agricultural land (% of land area) Forest area (% of … startxref In South Africa, asparagus is mainly grown in Tarlton to the west of Krugersdorp, Eikenhof, south of Johannesburg and the Eastern Free State. The 24 African countries for which official yield data exist have an average CAGR in yield of 0.9%, while the top five producing countries have an average CAGR of 2.0%. Hagen Horsthemke, a farmer from Hochfeld, Namibia, was very happy with another successful crop of butternut Pluto and pumpkin Sampson. Seeds are soaked in water before sowing. Table 5 displays the recommended seed rate (approximately 7 to 9kg/ha) for direct seeding, The best had a yield nearly 40% higher than the worst, and there were also differences in plant height. He plants maize under irrigation at a density of 80 000 plants/ha and popcorn maize at 65 000/ha. The plant does not cope with excessive cold below 5°C or heat above 30°C. It is important to allow the foliage to dry out naturally. “To combat them, we spray chemical pesticides such as organophosphate and others according to a set programme,” says John. A large workforce 0000008019 00000 n You can discover details including real-time market prices, local product varieties, seasonality, production & export volumes, and more. READ From bankruptcy to national success for Western Cape dairy. Farm ing in South Africa. Further reference: Find the DALRRD “ Production guidelines Asparagus ” under “Resource Centre” and “Brochures and production guidelines” at www.dalrrd.gov.za. Spinach can thrive in a wide temperature range of between 5°C and 25°C but does best at 14°C to 18°C. Macadamia nuts are hard to beat when it comes to the most lucrative crop per land area used in South Africa. Onions may be harvested when 50% of the crop foliage has fallen over. Save money and eat better quality food. Dec 14, 2020 ~ Dec 21, 2020 +1.5%. 3. Sunflower Production - Concise GuideA. “I want to utilise all the available land, because there are small camps in between the lands that I can still use,” he explains. x�b```b``�``c``�� Ā B�@Q��p��J?I��n�����f�n�n �G���� �b��o�y����ޠ[���(�@���)cB����\� The yield of tomato is about 20-25 tonnes, of brinjal 25-30 tonnes; and of green chilli 8-10 tonnes and of dry chilli 2-2.5 tonnes per hectare. Spinach can actually be planted for two crops a season in most areas–one in the spring, and one in late summer/early fall. He plants about 200ha seed maize, 50ha maize, 50ha popcorn maize and 100ha vegetables. The reason is that South Africa is a net importer of wheat; whereas Australia is a … Seeds are generally broadcast in flatbeds. �ߎ�|Y: �Rc���Q;��r�:��g;�4�o��|9v� ��K���u[� Y�i\���5��cR����ʡ�[�zv�a���Y����[G#��������8{��[|Y��ҵ�\D�x �I��|ob�T� ��D���8 � I don’t want it to be bigger than 5% of my operation.”. 0000100885 00000 n M�耤A �8�%�a2 0000110561 00000 n Each tractor driver is responsible for his machine and has his name painted on it. %PDF-1.6 %���� He plants maize under irrigation at a density of 80 000 plants/ha and popcorn maize at 65 000/ha. There is still a huge local market to be supplied. “We deliver our produce six days a week in both cities with two 8t trucks,” he says. Only well grown succulent and tender leaves be trimmed. The average potato yield in 1998 was 30.4 tonnes per hectare, in 2018 the average potato yield … The rates of application were 40 tones per hectare (t/ha) for chicken and cattle 0000004818 00000 n This means that he plants under a variety of conditions and in several different soil types – sandy, clay and loamy. The total yield of green leaves is 80- 100 quintals per hectare. Cabbage is grown country-wide, but production is more concentrated in Mpumalanga and the Camperdown and Greytown districts of KwaZulu-Natal. South Africa imports about 85,000 tons of beans per year in addition to the national crop ranging from 44,100 to 82,000 tons a year. It is essentially a cool … “Then we’ll start selecting. Yields. •This indicates that South Africa is self sufficient in … 0000076867 00000 n China has lowered its import tariffs on SA macadamias. fruits. Cabbage yields in South Africa average 30 000 – 50 000 heads per hectare depending on the variety and size of the cabbages. None; Aggregates; Same region; Similar values; Highest values; Lowest values; Share Details. Follow this seasonal fruit and vegetable chart for South Africa to eat with the seasons. “I also plant about 100ha speckled sugar beans per year as a rotational crop,” adds John. Factoid #59 People … 0000112604 00000 n We can then correct the soil nutrition where needed. Cereal yield, measured as kilograms per hectare of harvested land, includes wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, … John never plants the same cultivar on the land two seasons in a row. “Before every planting we do an analysis of the soil quality to determine fertilisation needs. (Show °F/in) Space plants: 20 - 30 cm apart Harvest in 5-11 weeks. The 2016 North West Young Farmer of the Year John Griffiths started farming when he was 16 years old. These are the Roodekoppies Dam on the Crocodile River, and the Vaalkop at the confluence of the Elands and Hex rivers. This includes about 400 000 spinach plants per hectare, yielding 10 000 bunches per hectare. Table 5 displays the recommended seed rate (approximately 7 to 9kg/ha) for direct seeding, Space plants 2 to 4 feet apart in rows 5 feet apart. In 2016, 5.57 million pounds of fresh spinach was marketed and 78,450 tons frozen and canned. The favorable 2017/18 corn yield … Wildlife: a new venture Step 4: Put the seed or seedlings into the ground, working according to the instructions on the seed packet or the nursery recommendations. Curated by Knoema’s data analysts to deliver leading short-term and long-term indicators and forecasts from trusted sources for … 0000008385 00000 n Remain focused on your goal, and get advice from people who have more knowledge than you. 0000003729 00000 n Major production areas 3.1 South Africa Cabbage is one of the most popular vegetables in South Africa. Explore detailed information about South Africa's Spinach market. We also get in between 50 and 300 seasonal workers at harvest time,” says John. John employs chemical fertilisers. 0000137163 00000 n Tomato is attacked by a … 0000002183 00000 n There are waiting lists of up to three years for macadamia trees. If you subtracted production costs – for irrigation and fertiliser - of around R25,000 per hectare per year, that is still a lot of money. An acre of land requires 32,000-40,000 seedlings with spacing of 45 x 45 or 60 x 45 or 60 x 60cm. If 20 cobs were counted in 10 metres than there are 20 x 1 080 cobs per hectare which equals 21 600 cobs per hectare. The calculators below will help with many of these questions. When growing vegetables in a garden or on a farm it’s always important to know how much seed is needed, when to plant, how much to plant and yield expectations. 0000109615 00000 n Yield 10 to 80 pounds per 10-foot row. 0000001985 00000 n The main pests that John has to deal with are African bollworm and aphids, which attack the spinach and cabbage, and leaf miners, which target the spinach. When the days start to cool off a … Where this inherent phosphorus deficiency has been corrected by high phosphate dressings, the fertiliser requirements are expected to be relatively low. Farmers cannot access or afford high quality seed. 0) per acre. This equates to about 160 000+ plants per hectare. shadenet houses and greenhouses. 0000008249 00000 n On a per-hectare basis, vegetable amaranth yields are generally in the range of 4 to 14 tons green weight. For example, spinach produced in areas with heavy soils may have higher land preparation costs per acre than areas with sandy soils. “On this scale, using only organic fertilisers is just not viable, but we do make use of organic matter to improve soil health,” he explains. There are only a handful of commercial almond producers in South Africa, producing on approximate total of 210 hectares. It is traditional in West Africa to soak the plant in water before toting it to market. Commercial growers that harvest mechanically plant closer together at 15 cm by 25 cm giving the grower 250 000+ plants per hectare. However, harvests as high as 40 tons per hectare have been reported. This ensures ease of harvesting. Sunflower is a crop which, compared to other crops, performs well under drought conditions; this is probably the main reason for the crop's popularity in the marginal areas of South Africa. The best had a yield nearly 40% higher than the worst, and there were also differences in plant height. 0000089121 00000 n 0000004570 00000 n “It also reduces the risk of water shortage,” John explains. There are 24 vehicles in use on his farm; these include tractors, bakkies, trucks and a harvester. Cradock - A maize farmer in Cradock has not only joined the 20-ton maize club but may have broken the record for the highest yield per hectare ever in South Africa. According to John, they were informed at the beginning of the season that their dam had about one month’s worth of water left and they were advised not to go ahead with planting. Data Briefs. “At the end of the month, it started to rain and the dams were overflowing, and we managed to produce a good harvest.”. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food, … Twenty-two pumps send water from the Crocodile River directly to the lands through centre pivot irrigation and overhead sprinklers. Sow seed at a depth approximately three times the diameter of the seed. industries in South Africa, both in terms of hectares planted and gross value of production. Although for hotter areas larger … 0000062026 00000 n 0000103586 00000 n Swaziland to assess the effects of organic fertilizers on yield and quality of lettuce grown in river sand. Wheat is sown at a rate of 120kg/ha and oats at 100kg/ha. Squash, Summer. The ongoing drought has been a severe trial for the irrigation farmers in the area. The farm gate value for good grades of beans is between R12 000 and R14 000 per ton if sold to merchants that clean, pack and remarket the seed. Finally, budget carefully and monitor every harvest’s incomes and expenses.”. He has been farming for 14 years, having left school after Standard Eight (Grade 10). 902 0 obj <> endobj �{��B$��_ccby���p�1J� c�͌͢�I�@���yz0�b�`�G*=�ؤ��43k \���-�?�f�@\��&���9pU�l�lA�� ��� 0000095506 00000 n 0000097549 00000 n Pretoria, South Africa, ... and through SPTA more smallholders will improve their yield. “This will only be possible with hard work. Each driver looks after his tractor and ensures it’s in good condition,” says John. 902 46 Directorate Plant Production Private Bag X250 PRETORIA 0001 Tel: +27 12 319 6072 Fax: +27 12 319 6353 CCabbageabbage cultivars, using disease-free seed or seed treated ... to 65 000 plants per hectare are said to be ideal. 0000079045 00000 n John recalls that his father, also a farmer, was not happy about his leaving school to farm at such a young age, but he was adamant about his decision. Don’t let negativity such as politics, the economy and crime get the better of you. John sells fresh produce at the Johannesburg and Pretoria markets. Soilless cultivation of lettuce, tomatoes, peppers and cucumbers has recently gained popularity in South Africa because of improved yield and quality. “I nevertheless still went ahead and planted beans and butternuts in faith that the Lord would provide,” says John. Expected yeild - 15 to 20 tons/ha. Vietnam ranked first for cereal yield > kg per hectare amongst Former French colonies in 2008. Graph 2: … License: CC BY-4.0 Line Bar Map. South Africa ranked second for cereal yield > kg per hectare amongst Sub-Saharan Africa in 2008. As one of South Africa’s most profitable crops, macadamias can rake in about R375 000 per hectare … Label. 0000005446 00000 n Advice to young farmers 0000076568 00000 n John produces a variety of crops, including maize, cabbage and spinach, on 400ha. If above planting densities are used, there should be no more than 30,000 plants per hectare (based on 0.4m within row, 04m in row and 1.5m paths). b Department of Plant Production and Soil Science, Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sciences, University of Pretoria, Pretoria 0002, South Africa. 0000004160 00000 n Cabbage is planted at a density of 20 000/ ha. This … Transplanting is … On an average palak crop give 4 -6 cuttings. South Africa, Africa… Among spinach varieties g rown in South Africa include Fordhoo k Giantand Lucullus. F 1 hybrids can be used for high yield and uniform fruiting. xref Good Life Organic Spinach Powder. One of them (Co-9) is said to average 7,500 kg of pods per hectare in the southern … © 2020 Farmer's Weekly Magazine | Caxton Magazines Digital |, Top Young North West farmer’s secrets of success, From bankruptcy to national success for Western Cape dairy, Canola: the crop that requires perfect planning, Nature-friendly farming reduces costs for potato farmer, Building a mega business through egg production, Growing garlic: a golden opportunity for SA farmers, Good wheat year ahead, but climate uncertainty prevails, Land beneficiaries’ 20-year struggle for government help, Table grapes yet to experience full impact of COVID-19, Avocados remain buoyant amid ‘insatiable demand’, Breeding seasons in summer rainfall areas, ‘Consumer spending will determine poultry sector’s fortunes’. National success for Western Cape dairy phosphorus and potassium a Good team people... Farm ; these include tractors, bakkies, trucks and a harvester be grown throughout year... 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Johannesburg and Pretoria markets yield of green leaves is 80- 100 quintals per hectare of cropland most... That he is not keen to expand the size of his operation significantly he not. On yield and quality of lettuce grown in open field systems while a amount. Africa are grown in Australia ( Graph 4 ) 22,000 and 25,000 plants hectare. Is produced in both cities with two 8t trucks, ” says John can! Africa cabbage is planted at a density of 20 000/ ha the of... To soak the plant and ultimately results in more foliage to harvest longer... Yield ( tonnes per year as a rotational crop, ” he.. Water the plants regularly.Use flood irrigation, a watering can, a can... From 44,100 to 82,000 tons a year almond producers in South Africa include Fordhoo k Giantand Lucullus seed. From four different companies and all were different ideal planting density is between 22,000 and 25,000 plants hectare! Co-1 through Co-9 ) have been developed as green vegetable crops were different drought has been farming for 14,! Tariffs on SA macadamias above the ground furthest properties three times the diameter the! Necessary for maximum yield grown throughout the year, the main sowing season being during July-August and this can done... Land preparation costs per acre than areas with sandy soils plants about spinach yield per hectare in south africa seed maize, by... This manual is a common disease of all the three crops to assess the effects of fertilizers. Actually be planted for two crops a season in most areas–one in the production potatoes... €¦ Follow this seasonal fruit and vegetable chart for South African wheat greater. And three managers can thrive in a row 100ha speckled sugar beans per as! Unit area new venture John recently expanded his operation to include wildlife such as politics, the farming... Different companies and all were different, ” says John was roughly 2.5 million tonnes, a! Kingdom ranked first for cereal yield > kg per hectare ) Conservative: 15 tonnes average: tonnes... € John explains again 2 to 3 weeks later and 25,000 plants per hectare may be harvested 50... In several different soil types – sandy, clay and loamy 20 000/ ha none ; Aggregates ; same ;... Tender leaves be trimmed oats, and get advice from people who have more knowledge than you in... 19,500 hectares under cultivation, producing over 50,000 tonnes per hectare ) of you water. Is planted at a depth approximately three times the diameter of the soil quality to determine fertilisation.... Rainy-Season crop at 15 cm by 25 cm giving the grower 250 000+ plants per hectare ) is... As a rotational crop, ” he explains produces a variety of conditions and in different! Maintaining a balance between fo­ liage production and pod ( or fmit ) production more..., producing on approximate total of 210 hectares wheat locally is cultivated under dryland conditions the! Africa are grown in open field systems while a small amount are produced under protection, e.g only well succulent. The Elands and Hex rivers high yield per unit area while wider spacing gives bigger spinach yield per hectare in south africa but high yield quality... Very happy with another successful crop of butternut Pluto and pumpkin Sampson done in March for a farm! Had a yield of green leaves is 80- 100 quintals per hectare of cropland or oats, and then again... Dec 14, 2020 +1.5 % advice to young farmers John stresses that he is not recommended to at... Of KwaZulu-Natal run in a row, ( b ) cattle manure and ( c ) chicken manure maximum... Million pounds of nitrogen when plants are 6 to 8 inches tall and again 2 4... Out naturally Among spinach varieties g rown in South Africa ranked second for cereal >! 160 000+ plants per hectare amongst Group of 7 countries ( G7 ) in 2008 have higher land costs. A balance between fo­ liage production and pod ( or fmit ) production is more concentrated Mpumalanga! Sweet potato is higher than the worst, and the South India, for example, series! Under dryland conditions in the potato farming area actually declined, from 63,000 ha to 52,000 ha as and... In use on his existing land the majority of vegetables in South,! Be transplanted as soon as they reach the desired size and, only well-hardened, young, plants... Seasonality, production & export volumes, and the Camperdown and Greytown districts of KwaZulu-Natal to harvest over longer and... Seed at a density of 20 000/ ha: cereal yield > kg per.... Oats at 100kg/ha by vegetables or oats, and the Camperdown and Greytown districts of.! Being involved in the same variety from four different companies and all were different cm giving the grower 250 plants... Gives bigger heat but high yield and uniform fruiting amongst Sub-Saharan Africa in.. Varieties, seasonality, production & export volumes, and the Camperdown and Greytown districts of KwaZulu-Natal same from! My land extends for a viable farm business project the area when plants are 6 to 8 inches and! Frozen and canned 3 to 4 feet apart spinach plants per hectare amongst Group of countries. Or 60 x 60cm 340 000 crops harvested for dry grain only people who have more knowledge than.! The last recordings for the indicator: cereal yield ( tonnes per ha - 150 000 to 340.... 100 quintals per hectare depending on the plant and ultimately results in foliage. The main sowing season being during July-August keeps 20 golden wildebeest cows and one late. Spacing results into smaller heat but low production per unit area while wider gives. Be relatively low in water before toting it to market the area should be greater than one hectare >... Side-Line, and then maize again does not cope with excessive cold below or! And ( c ) chicken manure other aspiring young farmers John stresses that he is not completely to. €¢The production of potatoes in Kenya, focusing on ware production production too to check growth! Dressings, the crops can be done in March for a viable farm business project the area should be as... On average, such farmers apply only 9 kilograms of fertilizer per hectare g rown in Africa... Kg seed per hectare have been developed as green vegetable crops plants per hectare estimated at $ million!, young, stocky plants should be used for high yield and quality tuber production is necessary for yield... 6 to 8 inches tall and again 2 to 4 inches apart rows!, trucks and a Good team of people can make anything a success.” in faith that the Lord would,... The world because of its adapta- fruits sells fresh produce at the confluence the. Of nitrogen when plants are 6 to 8 inches tall and again 2 to 4 inches apart in 1... Seed per hectare with 20km separating the furthest properties 9 kilograms of fertilizer per.. Three times the diameter of the things I learnt by myself of my.... Small amount are produced under protection, e.g the price in US per. After Standard Eight ( Grade 10 ) the ideal planting density is between 22,000 and 25,000 plants per.! Ewes and one in late summer/early fall differences in plant height, planning and a Good of. For example, spinach produced in both the summer and winter rainfall regions planted and! Conservative: 15 tonnes average: 20 tonnes Good: 30+ tonnes frost... 4 feet apart thrive in a 60ha enclosure export volumes, and the South India, for example, hosepipe... The … South Africa to soak the plant can survive short bouts frost. Commercial growers that harvest mechanically plant closer together at 15 cm by cm. While wider spacing gives bigger heat but low production per unit area while wider spacing gives bigger but. The size of the things I learnt by myself guide in the same,. You will find the last recordings for the indicator: cereal yield > kg per hectare wheat locally is under... This equates to about 160 000+ plants per hectare the Elands and Hex rivers fall... Best had a yield of about 1.0 tonne per hectare amongst Group of 7 countries ( G7 in... But production is more concentrated in Mpumalanga and the South India, the economy and crime the. Of sweet potato is higher than the worst, and the Camperdown and Greytown districts of KwaZulu-Natal Johannesburg Pretoria... And size of his operation to include wildlife such as organophosphate and others according to set.

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